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advanced robotic systems as well as additive manufacturing. The expectation is that

these technologies will find their ways mostly in the machinery and equipment sector,

the computers, electronics and optical devices sector as well as the automotive and

white goods sector”, the Technological Research Council stated.

The Turkish Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Technology


The focus of TUBITAK’s national call for research proposals topics in the past two

years was on advanced manufacturing technologies and the Internet of Things: Additive

Manufacturing - Multilayer additive manufacturing, Rapid prototyping and 3D printing

technologies, CAD/CAM, simulation and modelling software, Robotics and mechatron-

ics, Flexible manufacturing; Internet of Things - Sensors and sensing systems, Virtual-

ization, M2M communication, Cloud computing, etc.

To help prepare the Turkish industry for the Industry 4.0 transition, TUBITAK has

developed a roadmap that is meant to make the adoption and development of Indus-

try 4.0 concepts easier. The roadmap identifies three technology groups – digitaliza-

tion, connectivity and future factories, as well as 8 critical technologies, 10 strategic

targets and 29 critical products to which the Turkish industry should devote its atten-

tion to.

Digitalization (with a focus on big data and cloud computing,

virtualization and cyber security)

The following targets are being defined:

- Secure, private cloud service platform: develop secure, private, intelligent and scalable

cloud service platforms for end devices, algorithms and applications.

- Big data analytics: collect, process, correlate, analyze, report and use in decision sup-

port systems.

- Cyber security solutions: develop cyber security solutions Industry 4.0 applications.

- Modeling and simulation: development of modeling and simulation technologies

Connectivity (with a focus on the Internet of Things (IoT) and

sensor technologies)

The following targets are being defined:

- Industrial IoT platform: Establishment of digital platform of industrial IoT with interoper-

ability, increased security and reliability, and development of software and hardware for

industrial endpoint equipment.

- M2X software and equipment: development of data storage technologies suitable for

data emerging with reliable and innovative M2X (Machine-Machine, HumanMachine,

Machine-Infrastructure) software and/or hardware that will increase the quality and pro-

ductivity during the product life cycle.

- Innovative sensors: development of industrial, physical, chemical, biological, optical,

micro-nano sensors; intelligent actors; industrial, wireless, digital sensor networks; artifi-

cial vision, image processing, innovative sensor applications and heavy conditions re-

sistant sensors.

Future factories (with a focus on additive manufacturing, ad-

vanced robotic systems and automation & control systems)

The following targets are being defined:

- Robotic, automation, equipment, software and management systems: developing intel-

ligent production robots, equipment and software/management systems that can com-

pete in the international markets in terms of technology and cost, also accessible by


- Supplementary manufacturing materials, equipment and software: development of raw

materials, production equipment and necessary software and automation systems used

in additive manufacturing.

- Intelligent factory systems: development of intelligent factory systems and components

and middleware software technologies.

Smart Industry Applications in Turkey

The study “Industry 4.0 in Turkey as an Imperative for Global Competitiveness - An

Emerging Market Perspective” by TUSIAD and the BCG outlined the automotive, white

goods, textile, chemical, food and beverage, and machinery sectors as leading contribu-

tors to the economical development in the country. The sectors were also examined for

opportunities for the implementation on Industry 4.0 projects and applications. Among

the opportunities are: the flow of information and materials, integration with suppliers,

simulation of the product and production process in the design phase, flexible produc-

tion, and smart product and production lines that increase predictability, the study


Discussions with industry representatives have shown that awareness of these oppor-

tunities is very high and many industrial organizations have already begun to move

forward in terms of Industry 4.0 application, even though there are various levels of

maturity. Another important and common finding was the belief that this journey could

only succeed if all stakeholders contribute and holistic policies are established. It is

imperative that a long-term, comprehensive approach is developed to address the nu-

merous structural limitations Turkey faces, such as the workforce, scale, and invest-

ment”, the research paper said.

According to the TUSIAD and BCG experts, all stakeholders have an important role.